Illuminating Engineering Design, commonly known as "Lighting Design," is the process of conceptualizing and designing lighting systems (using artificial, natural, or hybrid lighting - artificial-natural) for various purposes such as residential, urban planning, maritime, theatrical, cinematographic, television, and artistic applications.
It is based on the fundamental principles of illuminating engineering and, depending on the context, involves aspects of architecture, optics, and colorimetry.
Constantly evolving due to ongoing technological advancements, recent research in the field has been primarily focused on developing new applications of automated or semi-automated artificial lighting.
Originating from the specific needs for illumination in industrial and workplace environments, as well as early studies in workplace ergonomics and ergotechnology, Lighting Design has expanded its scope. Today, it also encompasses studies in urban lighting, particularly important for social safety and electricity consumption reduction, as well as studies on the spectacular use of light in urban installations, performances, events, shows, and more.
Lighting Design spans various domains of lighting application, and depending on these sectors, designers may be referred to by different terms, but all are dedicated to the study and implementation of light.